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Glossary of Poetic Terms

GENERAL CONCEPTS

❶Open form A type of structure or form in poetry characterized by freedom from regularity and consistency in such elements as rhyme, line length, metrical pattern , and overall poetic structure.

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The term epigram is derived from the Greek word epigramma, meaning inscription. The epigram was cultivated in the late sixteenth and seventeenth centuries by poets like Ben Jonson and John Donne Poetry Forms Epitaph An epitaph is a commemorative inscription on a tomb or mortuary monument written in praise of a deceased person.

Epithalamium or Epithalamion A wedding poem written in honour of a bride and bridegroom. Haiku A Japanese poem composed of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables.

Haiku reflects on some aspect of nature. Lines 1, 2, and 5 of a Limerick have seven to ten syllables and rhyme with one another. Lines 3 and 4 have five to seven syllables and also rhyme with each other. Need to find out more about Limericks? Poetry Forms Lyric A poem, such as a sonnet or an ode, that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet. The term lyric is now generally referred to as the words to a song. Name Poem A name poem tells about the word.

It uses the letters of the word for the first letter of each line. Poetry Forms Narrative Poetry Ballads, epics, and lays are different kinds of narrative poems. Quatrain A stanza or poem of four lines. Lines 2 and 4 must rhyme. Lines 1 and 3 may or may not rhyme. Rhyming lines should have a similar number of syllables. There are several derivatives of this term which include double rhyme, Triple rhyme, rising rhyme, falling rhyme, Perfect and imperfect rhymes. Emphasis was placed on the personal experiences of the individual.

Poetry Forms Senryu A short Japanese poem that is similar to a haiku in structure but treats human beings rather than nature, often in a humorous or satiric way.

The poet Dante is credited with inventing terza rima and it has been used by many English poets including Chaucer, Milton, Shelley, and Auden. Poetry Forms Sonnet English or Shakespearean sonnets are lyric poems that are 14 lines long falling into three coordinate quatrains and a concluding couplet. Italian or Petrarchan sonnets are divided into two quatrains and a six-line sestet. Poetry Forms A Form is the generic term for the organising principle of a literary work.

Read on to learn about the definitions of Poetry Terms. Poetry Terms are used when describing the content and structure of a poem. There are many different terms used in the English language which help when constructing poetry such as the use of metaphors and similes. If you want to enhance the content when you write poetry or increase your knowledge of Poetry terms in general then study the content of this page.

At the very least you will most certainly increase your vocabulary! Did you know that poetry term Enjambment comes from the French word for "to straddle. Did you know that an Alexandrine is a line of poetry that has 12 syllables and derives from a medieval romance about Alexander the Great that was written in syllable lines? Did you know that the poetry term ' Foot ' has two or more syllables that together make up the smallest unit of rhythm in a poem.

For example, an iamb is a foot that has two syllables, one unstressed followed by one stressed. An anapest has three syllables, two unstressed followed by one stressed? Did you know that an Heptameter is a line of poetry that has seven metrical feet? Did you know that a stanza has two or more lines of poetry that together form one of the divisions of a poem?

The stanzas of a poem are usually of the same length and follow the same pattern of meter and rhyme. Check out the definitions of the many Poetry Terms that follow! Poetry Terms and Poetry Forms. Poetry Terms Poetry Terms are used when describing the content and structure of a poem.

What do you know about Poetry Terms? English Poetry Terms Poetry Terms are used when describing the content and structure of a poem. Accent The prominence or emphasis given to a syllable or word.

In the word poetry, the accent or stress falls on the first syllable. Allegory Allegory is a narrative having a second meaning beneath the surface one. Poetry and Literary Terms Alexandrine A line of poetry that has 12 syllables and derives from a medieval romance about Alexander the Great that was written in syllable lines.

The anecdotes are not always flattering, but are usually revealing of character and invariably amusing. Here is an example of an anecdote about Winston Churchill:.

Winston Churchill was very fond of his pet dog Rufus. He ate in the dining room with the family on a special cloth and was treated with utmost respect.

When enjoying movies, Rufus had the best seat in the house; on Winston Churchill's lap. Churchill is believed to have said to Rufus: I'll tell you about it later. The raging storm brought with it howling winds and fierce lightning as the residents of the village looked up at the angry skies in alarm.

When Neil Armstrong walked on the moon it might have been one small step for a man but it was one giant leap for mankind. Welcome to the website dedicated to literary devices literary terms. Here you will find a list literary devices literary terms with definitions and examples. Please feel free to post your thoughts and vote on your favorite literary device.

An allegory is a symbolism device where the meaning of a greater, often abstract, concept is conveyed with the aid of a more corporeal object or idea being used as an example. Usually a rhetoric device, an allegory suggests a meaning via metaphoric examples. Faith is like a stony uphill climb: Alliteration is a literary device where words are used in quick succession and begin with letters belonging to the same sound group. Whether it is the consonant sound or a specific vowel group, the alliteration involves creating a repetition of similar sounds in the sentence.

Alliterations are also created when the words all begin with the same letter. The Wicked Witch of the West went her own way. An early 20th-century Russian school of poetry that rejected the vagueness and emotionality of Symbolism in favor of Imagist clarity and texture. Its proponents included Osip Mandelstam and Anna Akhmatova.

An extended metaphor in which the characters, places, and objects in a narrative carry figurative meaning. The repetition of initial stressed, consonant sounds in a series of words within a phrase or verse line. A brief, intentional reference to a historical, mythic, or literary person, place, event, or movement.

Browse poems with allusions. Often used in political speeches and occasionally in prose and poetry, anaphora is the repetition of a word or words at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, or lines to create a sonic effect. Martin Luther King Jr.

Some feel the beetle startle. A pithy, instructive statement or truism, like a maxim or adage. Check out our Learn area , where we have separate offerings for children, teens, adults, and educators. Prose Home Harriet Blog.


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poetic devices & literary terms use in poetry analysis STUDY THE FOLLOWING POETIC DEVICES. LEARN THE DEFINITIONS AND CLICK ON THE TERMS TO SEE EXAMPLES AND GET A MORE DETAILED EXPLANATION.

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End rhyme: The rhyming of words that appear at the ends of two or more lines of poetry. Enjambment: The running over of a sentence or thought from one line of poetry to another. Foot: The smallest repeated pattern of stressed and .

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We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. Comprehensive glossary of poetic terms, theories, and schools of poetry. Comprehensive glossary of poetic terms, theories, and schools of poetry. A brief, intentional reference to a historical, mythic, or literary person, place, event, or movement. “The Waste Land.

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Literary Terms. Okay, we're moving on to literary terms. So, depending on what background you've had in English, you might have had a ton of detailed 'literary term' stuff, or you might have not. In a more humorous vein, many Star Trek fans have taken to writing love poetry in the invented Klingon language. III. The Importance of Poetry. Poetry is probably the oldest form of literature, and probably predates the origin of writing itself.